The information about hypertension that you should know

high blood pressure symptoms

High blood pressure or hypertension is known as the silent killer this is not because it’s asymptomatic but rather, there are no obvious symptoms to begin with that can indicate something is wrong. With this, It’s best that people will know the symptoms in order to become more aware and when a trip to the ER is needed.

Hypertension is a disease that occurs when there is an increased blood flow through blood vessels (arteries). Even though this can be easily detected there are still more people that are not aware that they have an increased blood pressure.

Hypertension risk factors: In order to understand hypertension, one must know the risk factors for Hypertension. People need to understand that hypertension is not just the lack of diet and exercise. It’s much more than that it’s a mix of predisposing and precipitating factors :

  • Genetics
  • Age
  • Race
  • Overweight
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Bad diet
  • Smoking
  • Eating very salty foods

How to lessen the risk:  How you can lower your risks in getting hypertension means understanding what’s causing it and ultimately have a healthy lifestyle. A better prevention program is essential in order to lower the risk of hypertension as you see below:

  • Have a healthy diet
  • Do exercise
  • Stop smoking
  • Lessen the salt

Why you need to take it seriously: It may be asymptomatic when you get diagnosed but not taking action can cause serious consequences that are life-threatening. Hypertension, if not treated or remedied, can cause a heart attack or stroke. In fact, it ‘s one of the leading cause of stroke and heart attack among adults aged 40-60.

The values that you need to know: The common indicator to rule out if you have a high blood pressure,  is by checking your blood pressure thru an analog or an electronic sphygmomanometer and see if it spikes above 120/80 mm Hg. Being diagnosed with hypertension is also about identifying what category you are. The higher the category the more serious it is. Below are the normal values and the abnormal values of a blood pressure:

  • Normal blood pressure – below 120 / 80 mm Hg.
  • Prehypertension – 120-139 / 80-89 mm Hg.
  • Stage 1 hypertension – 140-159 / 90-99 mm Hg.
  • Stage 2 hypertension – 160 / 100 mm Hg or higher.

The drugs: Being diagnosed with hypertension means having a long-term medication of hypertensive Drugs. These drugs aim to lower your blood pressure to acceptable levels like the normal level stated above. Below are some examples of these medications :

  • Diuretics
  • Beta-blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers
  • ACE inhibitors
  • Alpha blockers

The symptoms: The reason why high blood pressure is a silent killer is also because the symptoms are very common and one might be mistaken its symptoms for another disease. Here are the high blood pressure symptoms that you need to look into:

  • Severe headache
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Vision problems
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears

If you are hypertensive, it pays to have a regular visit to the doctor. It’s not just about knowing that you’re hypertensive and having a trip to the doctor once that gave you the medication and a general information about the disease are good enough. You need to visit your doctor from time to time and let them know how you are managing it. But as much as you want to have a regular check-up your schedules get in the way. Your job, your trips, your activities and many more. Plus clinic schedules are not 24 hours and 7 days a week, so it’s a challenge to even talk to a doctor. But that is about to change. With www.doctoroncall.com.my you will never have to ambush your doctor for availability and wait for their clinic hours. Doctoroncall.com.my gives you that flexibility in your own time and your own terms. Talking to a specialist has never been this easy and it starts by signing up.

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